Iran’s position in the Eurasian Economic Union – member countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Persian Gulf countries.
Iran as a country that has borders with the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union to the south and the countries of the Persian Gulf to the north. Iran has a geopolitical and geostrategic position that allows it to have an impact on the region.
The New Silk Road and China’s Belt and Road (B&R) (roads of Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, and Iran) can be used as a suitable route for the shipment of goods from member countries of Eurasia. Iran is also a country rich in oil and gas resources, and it owns the best logistic corridors, which are between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf.
As a result, Iran may act as a bridge on the New Silk Road that links Europe and Central Asia.
Iran, alongside Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, can offer energy for the economic demands of the region, allowing the Shanghai Cooperation Organization to provide energy security for “China and India”.
Iran’s presence on the geopolitical juncture of Central Asia, the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf, and West Asia has historically provided a viable base for pursuing economic-regional objectives in the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
On the other hand, Iranian territory offers access to the region’s ports, airports, and transportation infrastructure, as well as connections between the region’s nations without interfering with foreign powers from the Pacific to the Atlantic oceans and the region’s entirety with the south (the Persian Gulf, the Oman Sea, and the Indian Ocean).
The north-south corridor, which connects “Iran and Russia” and “Iran and India” via The Caspian Sea, provides unrestricted sea access to Iranian land and connects Europe to the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean.
Thus, the importance of Iran’s presence in the Persian Gulf area has expanded due to its position as a corridor for the transportation of oil and gas to Central Asia and the Caucasus, the second energy pole of the globe.
Iran has more than 2,000 kilometers of operationally coastline, a significant number of vital islands in the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea, and it borders with Russia, the second-largest producer of oil and gas in the world.
As a result, Iran’s location on the northern shore of the Persian Gulf and on the southern edge of the Caspian Sea has become a highly effective component in understanding the Persian Gulf region’s strategy as well as Central Asia and the Caucasus.